Sunday, April 10, 2011

Celecoxib

Action:

Inhibition of COX-2 by celecoxib is time dependent and reversible.

Pharmacokinetics:
It is readily absorbed orally. Its peak concentration is approximately 3 hours. It is metabolized in the liver by cytochrome P450 (CYP2C9). It is excreted in feces and urine. Its half life is 11 hours, so its dose is adjusted according to once a day.

Adverse Effects:
It may cause abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Dyspepsia and Kidney toxicity may also occur.

Drug interactions:
It inhibits CYP2D6 and so can elevate levels of ß-blockers, anti-depressants and anti-psychotic drugs.

Fluconozole, fluvastatin and zafirlukast may increase serum level of celecoxib.

Precautions:

It should be avoided in patients;

- with chronic renal insufficiency

- Severe heart disease

- Volume depletion

- Hepatic failure
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