Sunday, April 24, 2011

Vitamin K

It can be used for oral anti-coagulants.

Mechanism of action:
It causes post-translational modification of factors VII, IX and X.

Therapeutic uses:
It is usually administered to all newborn babies in order to prevent vitamin K deficiency leading to hemorrhagic diseases which is common in premature infants.

It is also used as an antidote of warfarin.

Adverse effects:
Rapid infusion of vitamin K may lead to chest pain, back pain and dyspnea.
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