Thursday, October 30, 2008

Classification of sulfonamides

Detailed classification of Sulfonamides
List of Antibiotic Sulfonamides on the basis of concentration-time data:

1. Short Acting Sulfonamide:
a. Sulfadiazine
b. Sulfadimidine
c. Sulfamethizole
d. Sulfamethoxazole
e. Sulfisoxazole
f. Sulfisomidine or sulfaisodimidine
g. Sulfathiazole (Veterinary Product)
h. Trisulfapyrimidine (Veterinary Product)

2. Intermediate Acting Sulfonamide:
a. Sulacetamide
b. Sulfadoxine
c. Sulfamimethoxine (Veterinary Product)
d. Sulfamethoxazole (Veterinary Product)
e. Sulfamethazine (Veterinary Product)
f. Sulfadiazine (Veterinary Product)

3. Long Acting Sulfonamide:
a. Sulfadoxine
b. Sulfamethoxy-pyridazine
c. Sulfametopyrazine
d. Sulfaphenazole
e. Sulfadimethoxine (Veterinary Product)

List of Diuretic Sulfonamides:
a. Acetazolamide
b. Benzolamide
c. Bumetanide
d. Ethoxzolamide
e. Methazolamide
f. Dichlorophenamide or Diclophenamide
g. Chlorthalidone
h. Clopamide
i. Dorzolamide
j. Furosemide
k. Hydrochlorothiazide
l. Indapamide
m. Mefruside
n. Metolazone
o. Xipamide

List of Sulfonamides for local application:
a. Mafenide
b. Silver sulfadiazine
c. Sulacetamide
d. Sulfapyridine

List of Sulfonamides for GIT disturbance:
a. Phthalyl sulfathiazole
b. Sulfasalazine

Further Reading:
The Goodman and Gilman Manual of Pharmacology and Therapeutics by Laurence Brunton, Donald blumenthal, Iain buxton and Keith Parker

AHFS Drug Information 2008 (Ahfs Drug Information) by American Society of Health-system

Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews: Pharmacology, 4th Edition (Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews Series) by Richard A. Harvey, Pamela C. Champe, Richard Finkel, Luigi Cubeddu and Michelle A. Clarke

Food Safety; Contaminants and Toxins, edited by J. P. F. D'Mello
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