Tuesday, March 1, 2011

Second Professional, First semester, Pharmacognosy

Cr. Hr. 03

1. GENERAL INTRODUCTION: Historical Development and Scope of Pharmacognosy. Traditional system of Medicine/medicinal plants. Evolution of Modern system of Medicine (History of Modern System of Medicine). Classification of Crude Drugs with Special Emphasis to Chemical and Therapeutical System of Classification. Terminology Used in Pharmacognosy. Preparation of Crude Drugs for Commercial Market, Methods of Cultivation, Drying, Storage. Preservation, Packing, Deterioration and Adulteration of Crude

Drugs. Evaluation of Crude Drugs I E. Organoleptic, Microscopic, Physical, Chemical and Biological.


Families Crude Drugs

a. Ranunculanceae Aconitum, Larkspur, Pulsatilla, Hydrastis.

b. Papaveraaceae Papaver Somniferum, Sanguinaria, Canadensis.

c. Leguminosae Acacia, Glycyrrhiza, Senna, Cassia, Tamarind.

d. Umbelliferae Fennel, Carum, Coriander, Conium, Asafoetida.

e. Apocynaceae Rauwolfia, Catharanthus.

f. Solanaceae Belladonna, Hycscyamus, Stramonium Capsicum.

g. Scrophulariaceae Digitalis, Verbascum (Mullien).

h. Labiatae Peppermint, Thyme, Spearmint, Salvia, Ocimum.

i. Liliaceae Garlic, Colchicum, Aloe.

j. Zingiberaceae Ginger, Curcuma.

3. GROWTH REGULATORS: General account with special reference to Auxins, Gibberellins Abscisic acid, Cytokinins and Ethylene.


Cr. Hr. 01

NOTE:- Practicals of the subject shall be designed from time to time on the basis of the above mentioned theoretical topics and availability of the facilities, e.g. Introduction of the entire and broken parts of the plant drugs (Macro and organoleptic characters).

(Note: A minimum of 10 practicals will be conducted)

Recommended Books

1. V E Tyler, L R Brady and J E Robbers, Pharmacognosy, 9th Ed., Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, 1988.

2. G E Trease and W C Evans, Pharmacognosy, W B Saunders, Philadelphia, Toronto, 2002.

3. K Usmanghani, Topics in Pharmacognosy, University Grants Commission Monograph Series, Islamabad, pp74, 1985.

4. T E Wellis, Text book of Pharmacognosy, CBS Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi, 1986.

5. Varro E Taylor, Pharmacognosy, Lee Febiger Philadelphia, 9th Ed.

6. Mohammad Ali, Introduction to Pharmacognosy, CBS Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi, 1986.

7. K Usmanghani, Chemical Pharmacognosy, University Grants Commission, Islamabad, 1985.

8. Youngkin H W, Text Book of Pharmacognosy, The Blakiston Co, Toronto, 6th Ed., 1948.
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